Bringing wildlife conservation awareness one step closer to home
“What?!? There are 2 kinds of elephants?!?”
As funny as that may have sounded from my colleagues this week, I did realize not everyone knows that much about these majestic creatures beyond what they’ve seen in a zoo, circus, or the Disney classic Dumbo.
|Where can they be found?||Sub-Saharan Africa and the rain forests of central and West Africa||Mostly South and Southeast Asian countries with the largest population being in India and followed much farther by countries like Myanmar, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand|
|Size||Larger than Asian relative.
Height at the shoulder: Up to 13 ft
Weight: Up to 7 tons
|Smaller than African relative.
Height at the shoulder: Up to 10 ft
Weight: Up to 6 tons
|Ears||Larger and longer, usually passing beyond the neck||Smaller and shorter, and does not go beyond the neck|
|Trunks||Have 2 finger-like appendages at the end of their trunks||Have only 1 finger-like appendage at the end of their trunks|
|Tusks||Found in both male and female elephants||Found mostly in males with some females having much smaller, nearly invisible ones called “tushes”|
|Shape of Head||Fuller, more rounded dome-shaped head||Twin-domed head shape with an indentation in the middle|
|Shape of Back||More concave towards the head||More convex or straight|
|Domestication||More wild and have just recently started being domesticated in the late 1800’s.||More mildly mannered. Humans have domesticated Asian elephants for more than 4 centuries.|
|Protection Status||Threatened – Vulnerable to extinction, population is declining in the wild but still not endangered.||Endangered – High risk of extinction in the wild.|
Other interesting elephant facts: